Parental Stress

One does not need to refer to statistics in order to accept or recognise the fact that anyone who raises a child is faced with great emotional demands. Demands that increase for parents with more than 3 children under age 7, and those parents with special needs children.

When parents are happy, calm and collected they are available and responsive to their infant. This helps build a strong secure bond that will support the healthy, natural, mental and emotional development of the infant. Sound emotional health and communication helps maintain positive relationships with older children in the family and thus assists the couple to overcome the challenges of adjusting to the reality of the new baby in unification. 

SOPHROSYNA centres on the early recognition and intervention on emotions, behaviour and mental health problems experienced by mothers in order to have lesser effects on the newborn.



  1. Canadian Paediatric Society (2004). Maternal Depression and Child Development, Paediatric Child Health, Vol 9, No. 8.
  2. Soloman, J and George, C. (1999). Attachment Disorganisation, Guildford Press, New York
  3. Greinberger, Kelley & Slade, (2005)Maternal reflective functioning, mother-infant affective communication, and infant attachment: Exploring the link between mental states and observed caregiving behavior in the intergenerational transmission of attachment. Attachment and Human Development;7:299–311.